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Apparently no one has questioned his claim, but Newton obtained similar results two centuries earlier.
The strongest is what Newton implied: Roman history indicates AD 29 was Tiberius' fifteenth year and no substantial evidence to the contrary has surfaced.
Moreover, Maier (1968) has pointed out that Pilate's capitulation when accused of not being "Caesar's friend" (John ), and his desire to appease Herod Antipas (Luke ) require the crucifixion to have been after the death of Sejanus in AD 31. "Astronomy and the Date of the Crucifixion," in Chronos, Kairos, Christos, ed.
But this surely he spake not as a witness, for he neither understood Astronomy nor Rabbinical learning, but as arguing from his erroneous hypothesis about the time of the passion. By this computation therefore the year 32 is absolutely excluded, because the Passion cannot fall on friday without making it five days after the full moon, or two days before it; whereas it ought to be upon the day of the full moon, or the next day.
For the Jews did not anticipate, but postpone their months: they thought it lawful to begin their months a day later than the first appearance of the new moon, because the new moon continued for more days than one; but not a day sooner, lest they should celebrate the new moon before there was any. For the same reasons the years 31 and 35 are excluded, because in them the Passion cannot fall on friday, without making it three days after the full moon or four days before it: errors so enormous, that they would be very conspicuous in the heavens even to the vulgar eye.
Because of the difficulty of obtaining Newton's original work, the calendrical portion is included here (italics and capitalization are his): I take it for granted that the passion was on friday the 14th day of the month Nisan, the great feast of the Passover on saturday the 15th day of Nisan, and the resurrection on the day following.
Now the 14th day of Nisan always fell on the full moon next after the vernal Equinox; and the month began at the new moon before, not at the true conjunction, but at the first appearance of the new moon; for the Jews referred all the time of the silent moon, as they phrased it, that is, of the moon's disappearing, to the old moon; and because the first appearance might usually be about 18 h after the true conjunction, they therefore began their month from the sixth hour at evening, that is, at sun set, next after the eighteenth hour from the conjunction. "Astronomical Evidence for the Date of the Crucifixion," Jour.
Since Newton, scholarly opinion has favoured AD 30 and is only recently returning to the AD 33 date.
The principal reason for having preferred AD 30 was that Christ was supposedly born about 6 BC, before the death of Herod in 4 BC, which favors AD 30 because Christ allegedly lived about 33 years.
Newton began by dating the baptism of Christ in AD 29 during the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar (Luke 3:1, 21).Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating