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After reassembly, the body was then covered with a white ash paste, filling the gaps with grass, ashes, soil, animal hair and more.The paste was also used to fill out the person's normal facial features.Starting in 1984, he published numerous studies on the subject.
While the overall manner in which the Chinchorro mummified their dead changed over the years, several traits remained constant throughout their history.
In excavated mummies, archaeologists found skin and all soft tissues and organs, including the brain, removed from the corpse.
The two most common techniques used in Chinchorro mummification were the Black mummies and the Red mummies.
Of the 282 Chinchorro mummies found thus far, 29% of them were results of the natural mummification process (7020 BC-1300 BC).
It is often the case that children and babies received the most elaborate mummification treatments.
The artificial mummies of Chinchorro are believed to have first appeared around 5000 BC and reached a peak around 3000 BC.
The black mummy technique (5000 to 3000 BC) involved taking the dead person's body apart, treating it, and reassembling it.
The head, arms, and legs were removed from the trunk; the skin was often removed, too.
Often Chinchorro mummies were elaborately prepared by removing the internal organs and replacing them with vegetable fibers or animal hair.
In some cases an embalmer would remove the skin and flesh from the dead body and replace them with clay.
Radiocarbon dating reveals that the oldest discovered anthropogenically modified Chinchorro mummy was that of a child from a site in the Camarones Valley, about 60 miles (97 km) south of Arica in Chile and dates from around 5050 BC.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating