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Radiocarbon dating reveals that the oldest discovered anthropogenically modified Chinchorro mummy was that of a child from a site in the Camarones Valley, about 60 miles (97 km) south of Arica in Chile and dates from around 5050 BC.The mummies continued to be made until about 1800 BC, making them contemporary with Las Vegas culture and Valdivia culture in Ecuador and the Norte Chico civilization in Peru.While many cultures throughout the world have sought to focus on preserving the dead elite, the Chinchorro tradition performed mummification on all members of their society, making them archaeologically significant.
Uhle categorized the types of mummification he saw into three categories: simple treatment, complex treatment, and mud-coated mummies.
He believed that these occurred chronologically, the mummification process becoming more complex as time went on.
While the earliest mummy that has been found in Egypt dated around 3000 BC, Shell midden and bone chemistry suggest that 90% of the people's diet was seafood.
Many ancient cultures of fisherfolk existed, tucked away in the arid river valleys of the Andes, but the Chinchorro made themselves unique by their dedicated preservation of the dead.
The Chinchorro mummies are mummified remains of individuals from the South American Chinchorro culture, found in what is now northern Chile.
They are the oldest examples of artificially mummified human remains, having been buried up to two thousand years before the Egyptian mummies.
However, since the society is a preceramic one, as well as slightly nomadic, it is somewhat difficult to determine through archaeological records the reasons why the Chinchorro felt the need to mummify the dead.
The representatives of the Chinchorro culture was determined by mitochondrial haplogroup A2. Bernardo Arriaza is a Chilean physical anthropologist who contributed a lot of the knowledge about Chinchorro mummification.
Often Chinchorro mummies were elaborately prepared by removing the internal organs and replacing them with vegetable fibers or animal hair.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating