Attributions of deception in dating situations

It can involve a sustained relationship, a one-night stand, or a prostitute.

Most people in the United States openly disapprove of sexual infidelity, but research indicates that infidelity is common.

Ross and Nisbett 1991 extended this line of thinking.

If the reader were restricted to reading just one authoritative source, however, the best choice would be Gilbert and Malone 1995, a highly accessible and much-cited review of the FAE/CB.

Explicit rules tend to be relationship specific, such as those prompted by the bad habits of a partner (e.g., excessive drinking or drug abuse), or those that emerge from attempts to manage conflict (e.g., rules that prohibit spending time with a former spouse or talking about a former girlfriend or boyfriend).

Implicit rules tend to be those that are accepted as cultural standards for proper relationship conduct (e.g., monogamy and secrets kept private).

To the extent that perceivers fail to appreciate the power of the experimenter’s orders, they fall prey to the FAE.

The correspondence bias (CB) is a related tendency to draw correspondent trait inferences from situationally constrained behavior.

Betrayal for example, is often used as a synonym for a relational transgression.

In some instances, betrayal can be defined as a rule violation that is traumatic to a relationship, and in other instances as destructive conflict or reference to infidelity.

Some researchers believe that perceivers are sophisticated enough to recognize that both dispositions and situations typically contribute to behavior.

Others question whether the word “fundamental” is appropriate, or they question the very existence of such a bias.

The fundamental attribution error (FAE) suggests that social perceivers attribute other people’s behavior primarily to dispositional causes, rather than to situational causes.

Tags: , ,