Assimilating and accommodating

The preferred learning style is dependent on the learner’s two dominant modes of the four phases of the learning cycle Kolb and Kolb (2005) define the four learning styles as follows: diverging, assimilating, converging, and accommodating.A brief summary of each learning style follows; summarized from The Kolb Learning Style Inventory – Version 3.1 – 2005 Technical Specifications, p. Diverging An individual with diverging style has CE and RO as dominant learning abilities.

Kolb and Kolb (2005) explain that hereditary make-up, unique life experiences and the demands of our present environment, all contribute to developing a preferred learning mode (p. They also indicate that we resolve the conflict between being concrete or abstract and between being active or reflective in four patterned, characteristic ways: diverging, assimilating, converging, or accommodating (p. These four patterns are the defined learning styles in Kolb’s LSI.

Kolb and Kolb (2005) created the LSI to fulfill two purposes: The Kolb Learning Style Inventory identifies four learning styles that are associated with the four patterned characteristic approaches to learning: diverging, assimilating, converging, and accommodating.

Kolb and Kolb (2005) describe experiential learning as a process of constructing knowledge from a creative tension among the four learning modes that is responsive to contextual demands.

This process is portrayed as an idealized learning cycle where the learner experiences all four modes – experiencing (concrete experience or CE), reflecting (reflective observation or RO), thinking (abstract conceptualization or AC), and acting (active experimentation or AE) – in a recurring process that is responsive to the learning situation and to what is being learned.

People with this learning style are best at understanding a wide range of information and putting it into concise, logical form.

People with an assimilating learning style are less focused on people and more interested in ideas and abstract concepts.

They are interested in people, tend to be imaginative and emotional, and often specialize in the arts.

Working in groups, appreciating diverse viewpoints, and receiving personal feedback are some characteristics of the diverging learning style (Kolb & Kolb, 2005, p. Assimilating An individual with an assimilating style has AC and RO as dominant learning abilities.

The ELT development model (1984) defines three stages: acquisition, specialization, and integration.

The acquisition stage occurs from birth to adolescence, and is where basic abilities and cognitive structures develop.

Much of Kolb’s research on the experiential learning theory focuses on the concept of learning style, using the Learning Style Inventory to assess individual learning styles and to help individuals identify the way they learn from experience.

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